B. Optometry

Optometry-Introduction

Ophthalmic Optics is a science, which deals with the structure, function and working of the human eye. Popularly known as Optometry, this health care profession is concerned with examination, diagnosis and treatment of eyes, specially related to visual, optical symptoms, refractive errors and their correction, using lenses and other optical aids. The scope for optometric practice in Nepal and abroad is great and unlimited. It is a dynamic and challenging career which could achieve personal growth, community respect and offers job flexibility, financial success and unlimited opportunities.

Optometrists or optometric physicians are primary eye care and health professionals concerned with vision care. They are experts in determining one's refractive error and prescribing appropriate correction. They deal with vision screening (eye testing), diagnosis of visual problems, orthoptics and vision training, optometric counseling of patients with partial sight, colour blindness and hereditary vision defects, and designing and fitting of spectacles, contact lens and low vision aids. They also prescribe Vision therapy eye exercises to patients complaining of Visual symptoms such as squint etc.

Though Optometry goes hand in hand with Ophthalmology in treatment of Visual disorders, Optometrists should not be confused with ophthalmologists or dispensing opticians. An optometrist performs all the tasks of an ophthalmologist, short of surgery. Ophthalmologists (Eye M.D's) are trained physicians specialized in eye and vision care who perform eye surgery, as well as diagnose and treat eye diseases and injuries.

Eligibility

Students who wish to do degree or diploma courses in Ophthalmic technology should clear 10+2 or equivalent examination, with a minimum of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology.

Duration:

B.Optom course is of 4 year duration. The first 3 years teaching is followed by one year of internship for clinical and trade experience.

Course Description:

The optometry course covers a wide variety of subjects, including physical optics, knowledge of optical instruments, general anatomy, physiology, abnormal and pathological conditions of the eye and the methods to measure refractive errors and their correction. Courses in pharmacology, optics, vision science, biochemistry, and systemic disease are included in the curriculum. There will be practical training in Basic Science, Dispensing Optics and Clinical subjects. The forth and final year is internship where the students are posted at various hospitals and specialty eye clinics and Optical establishments for clinical training and hands-on practice.

Job Prospects & Career Options

Optometrists are trained professionals involved in the treatment of visual defects with the help of optical instruments. They conduct eye tests to examine a patient's vision and prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses and provide vision therapy and low-vision rehabilitation. Apart from these, they also operate machines for work such as polishing edges, hardening and adjusting the sizes of lenses. To manage any optical trade including primary dispensing of spectacles, a professional education in Ophthalmic Optics (Optometry) is essential. It is a profession which offers job flexibility, regular working hours and financial stability.

After completing the course on Optometry, an Optometrist has various career opportunities. They can establish an independent practice by starting their own eye clinic, optical shop, lens manufacturing unit etc. They can work with Optician showrooms, Eye doctors, Contact Lens and Ophthalmic lens industry, hospital Eye departments etc. Optometrists can also seek employment with any multi national organization dealing with eye care products as professional services executives or take up teaching as a career. They can pursue higher education or can go for further research in the field of Optometry. Optometrists could also take up the work of occupational health specialists in the vision care of industrial workers.

Salary :

Optometry is one of the top ten income-earning professions in the country today. An optometrists earning is determined by several factors including coverage under provincial medical programs, fee schedules, hours worked, practice location, services provided and patient population. The initial salary of an optometrist in a government firm is Rs. 15000/- or above plus other allowance. Salaried optometrists tend to earn more initially than optometrists who set up their own practices. However, ultimately those in private practice once established usually earn more

B. Optometry Colleges in Nepal

Institute of Medicine

Maharajgunj, Kathmandu
Phone No: 4410911 (Dean)
Exam .Section: 4413729
Campus Chief: 4414792,HLMC: 4412202
Healthnet: 4429722, Med. Edu. Unit: 4430376

E-Mail: iomdean@healthnet.org.np eb: www.iom.edu.np

Total Seat-6
Scholarship Seat -6
Cost: 1.50Thousands
Exam format:
PCB-60/65, Eye related Question:35/40
Total Duration: 4 Years
Entrance Form: Bhadra
Entrance Exam: Ashwin

List of Optometry Institutes in India

  1. Academy of Optometry, Kolkata
  2. Aditya Jyot Institute of Optometry , Mumbai
  3. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  4. All India Institute of Optometrical Sciences (AIIOS), Kolkata
  5. Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, Hyderabad
  6. Bharati Vidyapeeth's Medical College, Pune
  7. College of Optometry and Ophthalmic Sciences, Nasik
  8. Elite School Of Optometry, Chennai
  9. Jnana Prabhodini Medical Trust School of Optometry, Pune
  10. Lions Arvind Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Madurai
  11. Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal
  12. MEH School of Optometry, Mumbai
  13. Optometry Research & Training Institute (ORTI), Uttar Pradesh
  14. Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital & Institute of Ophthalmology , Hyderabad
  15. Schells Eye Hospital (Unit of [[Christian Medical College]]) , Vellore
  16. School of Optometry : Gandhi Eye Hospital , Aligarh
  17. School of Optometry : Janakalyan Eye Hospital, Lucknow
  18. School of Orthoptics & Optometry , Sitapur
  19. Surya Kiran Institute of Paramedical Sciences & Computer Technology
  20. The Lotus College of Optometry, Mumbai